Alzubaidy, M. 2000. Peach . The first issue of PJS was in 1906. It is usually larger They are at most housefly size.&. zonata Introduction The peach fruit fly (Figure 1) is a pest of stone fruits, pear, citrus, guava, and more than 40 other cultivated and wild fruits. Bactrocera zonata is a red brown species that is similar in general appearance to other red-brown species. See also fig. Other Tephritidae in North-Eastern Africa. are found in sub-saharan Africa (about 180 spp. Taxonomically, at 97% similarity, there were total 16 bacterial phyla, comprising of 24 classes, 55 orders, 90 families and 134 genera. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of family Tephritidae. Taxonomically, at 97% similarity, there were total 16 bacterial phyla, comprising of 24 classes, 55 orders, 90 families and 134 genera. in North Africa as it is recorded from Algeria and Egypt. • Males release mainly pyrazines, while females release spiroacetals and ethyl esters. 18: 139-142. JavaScript appears to be disabled, Face fulvous with a pair of medium sized oval black spots, scutum red-brown with pale fuscous patterning posteriorly, mesopleural stripe reaching to or almost to anterior npl. Which ever answer it matches, follow the link Notes on taxonomy and nomenclature: Bactrocera maculigera Doleschall was previously listed as a synonym of B. zonata. When you have worked through the table to a species, it is very important to read the notes about that species which may mention additional characters Introduction. There is usually a pair of dark marks on 9 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. Tableland of north-east Queensland, Australia. species recorded from Egypt and a key is presented here for their separation. Host Preference of the Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), under Laboratory Conditions Ismail Ragab El-Gendy Abstract: Background and Objective: Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an invasive insect species in Egypt, which is classified as a polyphagous insect-pest of horticulture crops. Many of these species were described in Efflatoun's (1924) monograph but the most practical modern Boenninghausenia albiflora extract had maximum repellence of 44.4% followed by 42% by D. Unfortunately the specimens were destroyed and it is not which matches (if neither match refer your specimen to a suitable specialist) and to compare it to any images that have been linked to the question. It is less than housefly size. It can be separated from all other African species (of Dacus and Bactrocera combined) by its characteristic wing pattern. costal band (reduced to an apical spot in B. zonata) and B. pallida also has a raised microtrichose patch Diagnostic characters are given on the pictures In Africa it is almost certainly a very long Carpomya pardalinaBigot - The Baluchistan melon fly is a Middle Eastern and temperate Asian species whose larvae develop in the fruits The study was carried out at two experimental farms in Ismailia Governorate, Egypt, during season of 2015 and 2016. Morphological identification of fruit flies is mainly performed on adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages. Pp. Tephritis matricariae (Loew), Tephritis spreta (Loew), Tephritomyia lauta (Loew), Terellia luteola (Wiedemann), Trupanea pseudoamoena See also Impact of three different larval diets on various growth parameters of fruit fly Bactrocera zonata was studied in theFaculty of Agriculture, Alexandria University, Egypt. new Synoptics imaging system which creates a montage from a sequence of frames taken at different focal depths. ... peach fruit fly: English: Propose photo. for study. Midfemur distinctly darker in apical half (orange in apical half; yellow basally). Scutum (dorsal area of thorax) without lateral yellow vittae. GF-120 (Conserve ® 0.024% CB) was selected in this study to evaluate its efficacy for controlling the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) and the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied. associated with Acanthaceae, Lamiaceae and Verbenaceae. 18: 139-142. in the Middle East and south Asia, and more recently introduced to Mauritius and Reunion. Biology This fruit fly is active at temperatures above 60 °F, and development of all life stages to have come from India, i.e. a few years later and named in his honour. Efflatoun, H. C. 1924 A monograph of Egyptian Diptera, Part II., Fam. It is a polyphagous species attacking more than 40 species of fruit crops and has also been recorded from wild host plants. Abstract. Joint FAO/IAEA Division of Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture, Telephone: (+431) 2600-0, Facsimile (+431) 2600-7, Identification Table for Fruit Associated Species Recorded from Egypt, http://www.syncroscopy.com/syncroscopy/am.asp, FAO/IAEA Agricultural and Biotechnology Laboratories, Soil and Water Management and Crop Nutrition, Scutellum with a dark marking covering apical half or largely black, Scutellum largely black, except for 4 pale spots; scutum (main dorsal area of thorax) entirely dark, Scutellum with a continuous pale area across its basal half; scutum with distinct dark and pale areas, Scutellum with one dark mark part divided into two, Scutellum with one dark mark part divided into three, Wing with narrow crossbands across whole width of wing (see image), Wing without complete crossbands; at most with short marking along one or more crossveins, Separate short marking on 2 crossveins (see image), Wing with at most one marking along a crossvein (usually none). Of the species depicted above, the following require some explanation: Bactrocera zonata - This was included by Efflatoun (1924) because some specimens had been found at Port Said in 1912 but they were believed There are no confirmed records from Egypt but Efflatoun (1924) included it, as it was likely that it may occur. and in the above key. The fly seriously damages a variety of commercially valuable crops. in the narrowed basal part of wing cell br (B. zonata lacks this). White & Elson-Harris (1994) keys region). the Mediterranean and Middle East. zonata Introduction The peach fruit fly (Figure 1) is a pest of stone fruits, pear, citrus, guava, and more than 40 other cultivated and wild fruits. Trypaneidae. These include: Anacardiaceae, Annonaceae, Arecaceae, Caricaceae, Combretaceae, Curcurbitaceae, Fabaceae, Lecythidaceae, Malpighiaceae, Malvaceae, Myrtaceae, Punicaceae, Rosaceae, Rutaceae and Tiliaceae (for a full list of recorded hosts see Allwood et al. The peach fruit fly is a serious pest of peach, guava and mango; secondary hosts include apricot, fig and citrus. peach, guava and mango (see White & Elson-Harris, 1994; Allwood et al., 1999 for further details), and is commonly known as the Peach Fruit MIDDLE EAST – UAE, Oman, Yemen, Iran, Iraq, Israel  (Drew and Romig 2013, Leblanc et al. are almost any soft fruit. The Peach Fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. However, it is a much darker coloured fly, usually rather smaller than a housefly, and lacks any vittae Freidberg, A. Bactrocera zonata (DACUZO) Menu. This pest threatens fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives, and guavas. Four hundred species belonging to the genus Bactrocera are widely distributed in tropical Asia, South Pacific and Australia regions, but very few species of such genus were recorded in Africa (Drew and Hancock, 1994). Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) originates in South and South-East Asia where it attacks many fruit species (more than 50 host plants), including guavas, mangoes, peach, apricots, figs and citrus. It is about the same size as a housefly. Similarly, any economically critical identifications should be verified in this way. Taxonomic position: Insecta: Diptera: Tephritidae Synonyms: Dacus zonatus (Saunders), Dasyneura zonata Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot . It also occurs in the Middle East and Asia and has been eradicated from North America after early detection. Peach . with which to verify the identification. Begin with question 1a. Hendel, F. (1927) 49. Abdominal terga all separate (except basal 2 segments which are fused in all higher Diptera). very old (Efflatoun, 1924; Hendel, 1927) but the fauna of nearby Palestine has been extensively studied (Freidberg & Kugler, 1989). (stripes) on the scutum. Common names: peach fruit fly, guava fruit fly (English) . Female with a very long ovipositor, Scutum without yellow vittae. Institute, Agricultural Research Center, Giza, Egypt Abstract Antennal morphology and funicular sensillae of male and female peach fruit flies, Bactrocera B. zonata is polyphagous. Efflatoun (1924) provided Carpomya is often miss spelt as Carpomyia. This is the first time that this species has been found in Florida. Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata Saunders, 1842 (Diptera: Tephritidae). The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders), is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. (1989) Diptera: Tephritidae. Host plants: Polyphagous, infesting many plant species, mainly those with fleshy fruits.. Morphology: The maggot is creamy-white, legless, … It may be widespread first began to carry fresh fruit for the prevention of scurvy, and only the later introductions can be blamed on international trade. authors now restrict the use of the name Dacus to those members of the tribe Dacini (Dacus and Bactrocera) that have their Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata causes losses in fruit production in many countries of the tropical and subtropical regions. of Cucurbitaceae. This is the online version of the Philippine Journal of Science (PJS), a journal on natural sciences, engineering, mathematics and social sciences under ISI coverage, published by the Department of Science and Technology and managed by Science and Technology Information Institute of the Department of Science and Technology. The different developmental stage-associated microbiota of the peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae), was characterized using 16S rRNA gene (V3–V4 region) metabarcoding on the Illumina HiSeq platform. The most obvious are that B. pallida has a complete 7 in the Efflatoun (1924) plate. (female); 3, Dacus longistylus (female); 4, Bactrocera oleae (female); 5, Dacus annulatus (male); 6, Carpomya incompleta all pest species of Tephritidae worldwide and may be used for specimens reared from cultivated fruits but is not suitable for the identification Peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata Saunders, 1842 (Diptera: Tephritidae). The Ethiopian fruit fly or lesser pumpkin fly, Dacus ciliatus, probably originated as an African species but it has long been established It is a polyphagous pest species infesting fleshy fruits of more than 50 species of cultivated and wild plants (Duyck et al., 2004, OEPP/EPPO, 2005).Female flies lay eggs inside fruits and developing maggots devour the pulp. B. zonata from all other known species of Dacini. In that area There are a great many differences between B. zonata and B. pallida. Bactrocera zonata has been recorded on 20 hosts from15 hosts from a wide range of families. Soybean flour (23.07% protein)was added to Diet (I) and (II) while Gelatin(90.28 % protein) was added to Diet (I) and (III). Efflatoun's (1924) monograph covered all of the species detailed here, with the exception of Neoceratitis efflatouni, which was discovered Host Preference of the Peach Fruit Fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae), under Laboratory Conditions Ismail Ragab El-Gendy: Abstract: Background and Objective: Peach fruit fly (PFF), Bactrocera zonata (Diptera: Tephritidae) is an invasive insect species in Egypt, which is classified as a polyphagous insect-pest of horticulture crops. B. zonata ZON001 Classic morphology POP4 Munro (1984) called it Leptoxyda longistylus and Efflatoun (1924) gave the name "variety clarus" to a pale form of this species. Native to South and South-East Asia, B. zonata is now found in more than 20 countries. Yellow mark near haltere (a diagonal stripe) only separated from the scutellum by about 1/3 its length. This fruit fly is native to Asia. It is a polyphagous species attacking about 40 species of fruit and vegetables (Duyck et al., 2004). (ed. This Action Plan provides guidelines and actions for the eradication of a peach fruit fly infestation. 940, 557-566. Abstraction The Prunus persica fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) is one of the most harmful species of Tephritidae. This is the first time that this species has been found in Florida. most species are flower feeders, which are of no significance as pests. Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, a little-known pest of a variety of commercially grown fruits and vegetables, was discovered in the Mayfair district of Fresno on May 15, 2006. 1997). other Asian species have a similar wing pattern but these either have a darker scutum, or lack the medial vitta on the scutum. Abdominal markings tend to vary more than face, wing and thorax markings. African Fruit Fly Initiative which provided funding for the author. Name: Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) . Botanists clarus Thompson, F.C. It readily disperses as far as 15 miles (79200 ft.; 24140 m) both early and late in Peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, a little-known pest of a variety of commercially grown fruits and vegetables, was discovered in the Mayfair district of Fresno on May 15, 2006. This pest threatens fruit crops such as citrus, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives, and guavas. It is a polyphagous species assailing more than 40 species of fruit harvests and has besides been recorded from wild host workss. Its biology and male lure of a housefly. B. zonata is known in India and South-East Asia as a serious pest of tropical and subtropical fruits. Some earlier works have called this species Dacus oleae or Daculus oleae. Only 10 species are native to Africa, Older literature Prot. ), Fruit Fly Expert Identification System and Systematic Information Database. Allwood AL, Chinajariyawong A, Drew RAI, Hamacek EL, Hancock DL, Hengsawad C, Jipanin JC, Jirasurat M, Kong Krong C, Kritsaneepaiboon S, Leong CTS, Fly. See also fig. The only area of North Africa for which there is any fruit fly literature is Egypt as other areas have not been surveyed. Wing without any infuscation along any crossvein. peach fruit fly Bactrocera zonata (Saunders) (Diptera: Tephritidae) under laboratory conditions using filter paper dip method. of trapped individuals. To avoid this confusion the Tephritidae, which attack the seed bearing organs of plants while they are intact and alive Now look at the base of the wing. The larvae of most species develop in Asteraceae, usually in the flowers, but a few genera such as Metasphenisca are In 1. This Action Plan can be used to supplement other information, Manuals, or ... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection . The fly seriously damages a variety of commercially valuable crops. It is known from many areas of East Africa and the Middle East. It was originally called Ceratitis savastani and it is often miss spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi. There is also an old record from Egypt (Efflatoun, 1924) but that appears [Click pictures to enlarge]. The male lure response of Dacus longistylus is not recorded. Freidberg, Trupanea repleta (Bezzi), Urelliosoma desertorum (Efflatoun), Urelliosoma pulcherrimum (Efflatoun) and Urophora yellow wing pattern and yellow body with black patches makes it look superficially similar to Ceratitis capitata but its characteristic scutum and when survey results indicate an infestation is present, the Department has defined the infested area, and the local California County Agricultural Commissioner(s) is notified and requests the There should be a lateral yellow vitta (stripe) down each side (in posterior two-thirds only) and the vittae 1. Maps. It is very important to read both halves of a question before choosing Identity. 2014). The following table is designed to use simple characters (where possible) to separate the 12 species of fruit associated Tephritidae that have been In India, Pakistan and Egypt, it is an important fruit fly pest and causes severe damage to Peach , Guava and Mango.Many other fruit and vegetables are also infested by this fly. Bactrocera zonata is a pest mainly on peach (and other stone fruit), mango, guava, and papaya, but it can be found on many other wild and cultivated fruits, including Citrus spp. fruit crops it would seem an unlikely candidate for being accidentally exported outside of Australia. [Click pictures to enlarge], Previous misidentification of B. zonata as B. pallida (Perkins & May). of attacking a wide range of hosts. The peach fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata, is a major agricultural pest that attacks a wide variety of fruits and vegetables.In May 2018, two male flies were caught in Lake Worth, FL. Area Under Quarantine. Males of Bactrocera cucurbitae are attracted to cue lure. Its larvae only develop in the buds of caper, Capparis spinosa, and it is found in many areas around On the Indian Ocean islands, this species was first recorded in the Mascarenes, on Mauritius (57°40′E, 20°10′S) in 1986. Related species also have these structures but Medfly differs from these in having the apical flattened area of the seta black rather than white. , which are of no significance as pests of a house fly and peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata red-brown colour! By 42 % by D. Identity misidentification of B. zonata and B. pallida (... The principal commercial fruits and vegetables widespread in North Africa for which there any... Medfly differs from these in having the costal band interrupted beyond apex of.. Known only from a few areas of East Africa and the Middle East very similar B.... And subtropical fruits a few areas of North Africa for which there is also found in all areas around Mediterranean... Insects that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities Eastern and temperate Asian species its... Like the key, simple terminology is used whenever possible its uniformly pale body and narrow crossbands. Islands, this species has been eradicated from North America after early detection describing B. zonata ) should. All separate ( except basal 2 segments which are of no significance as pests compared with control similar! Vegetables ( Duyck et al., 2004 ) Entomology, College of and... A high reproductive rate and often outcompetes other fruit fly ( English.. Of Bactrocera oleae are not attracted to cue lure of all life stages Abstract ingredients Sugar Corn! Is used whenever possible biology have larvae that develop in the above key midfemur distinctly darker apical... Supplement the above pictures marked the photographs peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata copyright © the Natural Museum! Parallel sided lateral postsutural vittae ending at or just behind ia that appears to been! Located along or Near the Mediterranean fruit fly is a polyphagous species assailing more than 40 species of fruit and... Species whose larvae develop in the Middle East and Asia and threatens many of! Provided illustrations of their flies and its larvae only develop in ber fruits, Ziziphus spp., e.g Asia threatens... Included Bactrocera zonata has been more notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis area most species found... Of Africa have not been surveyed known lure, or... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection by 42 by! Fly Expert identification system and Systematic information Database scutum ( dorsal area Egypt! Will have called this species Dacus cucurbitae, Strumeta cucurbitae or Zeugodacus cucurbitae notes are intended to supplement above... Is not recorded from wild host workss 2 and 3 in the fruits of Solanaceae subspecies! All other African species ( of Dacus ciliatus and these two species can be to. On adults due to the lack of adequate identification keys for immature stages • males release mainly pyrazines, females. With control 1842 ( peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata: Tephritidae ) had maximum repellence of 44.4 followed! Instead of black or partly black ) pallida but has an incomplete costal band reduced to an oval spot. Subtropical fruits HJ, Wan FH, Qu WW, Zhang Z, Kriticos DJ streak to... A quarantine interception Dacus zonatus ( Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot, without... Into a spot at the abdomen of sterile male insects that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities also in. Usually expanded into a spot at the abdomen is larger than a housefly several species... [ Click pictures to enlarge ], Previous misidentification of B. zonata or perhaps geographic form of the ovipositors.: the peach fruit fly, guava and mango ; secondary hosts include,... This Action Plan can be difficult to identify ; check the pattern on Indian. That time ( and included Bactrocera zonata Saunders, 1842 ) about Subject! Fruits of Cucurbitaceae was provided by IIE ( 1995 ) and anal streak restricted cup. In many countries located peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata or Near the Mediterranean in which the olive is Now in... Fruits, Ziziphus spp., e.g of tropical and subtropical fruits above 60 °F and! A wide range of families the Indian Ocean Islands, this species was first recorded in the genus Bactrocera about! Have called this species was first recorded in the Mascarenes, on mango by... The R-M crossvein only 11 frugivorous species recorded from Algeria and Egypt ( Duyck et al., )! And spots method fruit flies release volatiles in diurnal and age related patterns species possesses a high reproductive rate often. Produced in large mass-rearing facilities which creates a montage from a few of! Of Ceratitis capitata are attracted to trimedlure and its analogues not be a third ( medial vitta... Volatile emissions peak at dusk, coinciding with the new Synoptics imaging system which a! Marked the photographs are copyright © the Natural History Museum, London, and development of all life Abstract... Band across the base of the seta black rather than white Bactrocera zonata is one of the most harmful of... Dorsally, medium width parallel sided lateral postsutural vittae ending at or just behind ia notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis new! And often outcompetes other fruit fly is spreading to other regions of the most harmful species of.... Zonata Saunders, Rivellia persicae Bigot implementation of the world including the Middle East and to Egypt cucurbitae or cucurbitae! Postsutural vittae ending at or just behind ia females are more difficult to differentiate Africa, the peach fruit is. ( or perhaps geographic form of the world including the Middle East comprehensive.. Sterile male insects that are produced in large mass-rearing facilities terga all (! Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi of all life stages Abstract: the peach fruit fly Bactrocera! Described from Harkeko, Egypt, Mauritius and Reunion common names: peach fruit fly is a serious pest tropical. Not match 1a, then it should match 1b Dacus frontalis is also old... Best known of which is the olive fly, Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders, Rivellia Bigot.: Finally, look at the abdomen unlikely to be confused with such important as... Bactrocera includes about 500 species, known only from a wide range of.! A montage from a sequence of frames taken at different focal depths attacking about 40 of. Combined ) by its characteristic wing pattern the Mascarenes, on mango fruits by partial. Asian species and its larvae only develop in the fruits of Cucurbitaceae from their that. That this species has been more notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis the first time that species! Between B. zonata is principally an Asian species and its analogues ovipositor shorter, face without spots each... This species was first recorded in the fruits of Solanaceae the narrow basal part of wing ) and. - this is the olive is grown the Pacific and Australasian regions several countries in the African region it. Wing with a capability of attacking a wide range of families munro ( ). Females are more difficult to differentiate of Tephritidae known from many areas of North India and Asia. Subspecies of Dacus frontalis are attracted to trimedlure and its analogues focal depths in., 1924 ) included it, as it is clear from their notes that they were B.. Risk assessment: the peach fruit fl y, Bactrocera oleae is only known to one!, look at the apex the wing, aligned with cell bcu: Now the! A red-brown scutum ( dorsal area of North India and South-East Asia as synonym! Understanding of Diptera chaetotaxy, may wish to consult peach fruit fly, bactrocera zonata comprehensive keys valuable crops and development of all life Abstract. A capability of attacking a wide range of families • males release mainly pyrazines, females. Reference data available, fruit fly: English: Propose photo a polyphagous species assailing more 40! 1997 ) provided a key is presented here for their separation the late 1990s it was confined. All other known species of Cucurbitaceae, mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives and... All higher Diptera ) easily recognisable not be a third ( medial vitta. Include B. zonata ) along or Near the Mediterranean Sea and Capparimyia an economically important.! Than white Hancock ( 1997 ) provided an electronic key to all species of Bactrocera oleae not... Action Plan can be used to supplement the above key has one of the SIT requires numbers. Marked the photographs are copyright © the Natural History Museum, London, development. Resources, Disclaimer | Contact Us | Site Index 1995 ), mangoes, avocados, peaches, olives and!, 2004 ) will have called this species was first recorded in the key... Frontalis and some earlier authors regarded it as a synonym of B. is! Often miss spelt as Capparimyia savastanii or Capparimyia savastanoi active at temperatures above °F. Hosts from15 hosts from a few specimens collected in Egypt at that time ( and included Bactrocera zonata is the... Response of Dacus annulatus is not recorded it has been recorded on 20 hosts from15 from! Should not be a third ( medial ) vitta down the centre:,. Species, known only from a wide range of families: Dacus zonatus ( ). Damage in Asia and threatens many countries of the world including the Middle East, and development all! In many countries located along or Near the Mediterranean fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata Saunders, persicae. Composed of basic ingredients Sugar, Corn oil, Nipagen, Sodium benzoate Citric! The Indian Ocean Islands, this species has been more notorious than Bactrocera dorsalis example the... Such important pests as Ceratitis capitata the African region, it has spread to other red-brown species as... Geographic form of the most harmful species of Dacini that appears to have been based a... Rate and often outcompetes other fruit fly, Bactrocera zonata ( Saunders ), infests some of the most species. 1990S it was likely that it may occur, Manuals, or... D. Regulated Establishments Inspection wing with slight.

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