He then ran as the Southern Democratic candidate in the 1860 election and after losing to Abraham Lincoln was elected to the United States Senate from Kentucky.. After the Civil War began, Breckinridge was an outspoken advocate of the Confederacy.After being expelled from the Senate for his views in … Breckinridge was elected the 14th vice president of the United States in 1856, and then mounted an unsuccessful presidential bid in 1860. The United States Senate formally expelled him as a traitor. John C. Breckinridge was an American statesman and who served as the 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States; he served from 1857 to 1861, in the administration of James Buchanan. Similarly snubbed, Breckinridge quickly discovered that he held less influence with Buchanan as vice president than he had as a member of the House with Pierce. Viewed as a traitor in the North, Breckinridge travelled to Virginia and offered his services to the Confederacy. Many in Washington doubted that he planned to offer much support to the Union or the war effort. In January 1865 Breckinridge was appointed the fifth and final Confederate secretary of war. He died in 1875 at the age of 54. When he finished reading law, Breckinridge spent a year at Lexington’s Transylvania University, and graduated in 1841 with an LL.B. He was a member of the Democratic party. Serving in the U.S. Senate at the outbreak of the Civil War, he was expelled after joining the Confederate Army. Printable Version. John Cabell Breckinridge was born in Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821. Lane had spent his youth in Kentucky and Indiana and served in the Mexican War. When Douglas introduced the Kansas-Nebraska Act of 1854, which repealed the Missouri Compromise and left the issue of slavery in the territories to the settlers themselves—a policy known as "popular sovereignty"—Breckinridge worked hard to enact the legislation. Breckinridge fled behind Confederate lines. The Pennsylvania newspaper publisher and political adventurer John W. Forney insisted that when Breckinridge came to Congress "he was in no sense an extremist." Jay served as the key ...read more, John Quincy Adams began his diplomatic career as the U.S. minister to the Netherlands in 1794, and served as minister to Prussia during the presidential administration of his father, the formidable patriot John Adams. Breckinridge began his political career in 1849, when he won a seat in the Kentucky House of Representatives. "I tell you, sah, we can not stand it any longer; we intend to fight," said the officer. Sen. Stephen A. Douglas of Illinois, the champion of popular sovereignty policy, was the Northern Democrats’ candidate, and Vice Pres. Shortly after the election, he met for the first time the Illinois legislator who had married his cousin Mary Todd. He then attended Princeton before returning to Lexington to study law at Transylvania University. But if you see something that doesn't look right, click here to contact us! The platform is quite similar to the platform of the Douglas Democrats, including the… His meteoric rise continued in 1856, when he was elected the 14th vice president of the United States alongside President James Buchanan. John C. Breckinridge: John C. Breckinridge. Background. Senator from Kentucky and was the 14th Vice President of the United States (1857–1861), to date the youngest vice president in U.S. history, elected at age 35 and inaugurated at age 36.. Born at "Cabell's Dale," the Breckinridge family estate near Lexington, Kentucky, on January 16, 1821, John Cabell Breckinridge was named for his father and grandfather. On January 4, 1859, when the Senate met for the last time in its old chamber, he used the occasion to deliver an eloquent appeal for national unity. Promoted to major general in 1862, Breckinridge fought at the Battles of Stones River and Chickamauga before taking command of Confederate forces in the Shenandoah Valley in 1864. His manpower and supplies dwindling, he then fought a succession of small battles in western Virginia in late 1864. Turning to Keitt, Breckinridge advised him "to invite some of his constituents, before undertaking the war, upon a tour through the North, if only for the purpose of teaching them what an almighty big country they will have to whip before they get through!". Commissioned a brigadier general in November 1861, he was placed in command of the so-called “Orphan Brigade,” a Kentucky unit whose troops felt abandoned by their home state. Title For President, John C. Breckinridge, of Kentucky. The nominee was thirty-six years old—just a year over the constitutional minimum age for holding the office—and his election would make him the youngest vice president in American history. John C. Breckinridge was James Buchanan's Vice President from 1857 to 1861. Burdened with her husband's debts, widow Mary Breckinridge and her children moved to her in-laws' home near Lexington, Kentucky, where J… Other than publicly denouncing the lawless violence of the Ku Klux Klan, he devoted himself entirely to private matters. We have suffered under it for thirty years, and will stand it no more." He served in the state legislatures of Virginia and Kentucky before being elected to the U.S. Senate and appointed United States Attorney General during the second term of President Thomas Jefferson. After the Civil War Breckinridge fled abroad before returning to Kentucky in 1869. The father, Joseph Cabell Breckinridge, a rising young politician, died at the state capital at the age of thirty-five. Breckinridge campaigned for Democratic presidential nominee James K. Polk during the 1844 campaign. Those who observed the exchange compared it to the American Indians' practice of smoking a peace pipe. Although he was only fifty-four, his health declined severely and he died on May 17, 1875. Content Responsibility   |   Breckinridge was the youngest vice president in U.S. history. John C. Breckinridge: Political Career . John C. Breckinridge, in full John Cabell Breckinridge, (born January 21, 1821, near Lexington, Kentucky, U.S.—died May 17, 1875, Lexington), 14th vice president of the United States (1857–61), unsuccessful presidential candidate of Southern Democrats (November 1860), and Confederate officer during the American Civil War (1861–65).. The couple would later have five children. Subsequently, the Breckinridge family settled in Toronto, Canada. Indicted by the Federal government for high treason, Breckinridge led a small party of Confederates int… He was born into one of America’s wealthiest families and parlayed an elite education and a reputation as a ...read more, John Jay was an American statesman and Founding Father who served the United States in numerous government offices. Democratic Party Platform (Breckinridge Faction) of 1860. A poor winner, Buchanan distrusted his rivals for the nomination and refused to invite Stephen Douglas to join his cabinet or to take seriously Douglas' patronage requests. John C. Breckinridge helped in the formulation and adopting ne… He represented the state in both houses of Congress and in 1857, became the 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States (1857–1861). For Vice-President, Joseph Lane, of Oregon. During the closing months of the war in 1865, Jefferson Davis made Breckinridge his secretary of war. "use strict";(function(){var insertion=document.getElementById("citation-access-date");var date=new Date().toLocaleDateString(undefined,{month:"long",day:"numeric",year:"numeric"});insertion.parentElement.replaceChild(document.createTextNode(date),insertion)})(); FACT CHECK: We strive for accuracy and fairness. In 1849, while still only twenty-eight years old, he won a seat in the state house of representatives. Privately, he told Mrs. Jefferson Davis, "I trust that I have the courage to lead a forlorn hope." Also a military man, he served as a Confederate general during the Civil War, between 1861 and 1865. Breckinridge was elected vice president, having the singular distinction of being the youngest vice president in the history of the Unite… Historian James C. Klotter has speculated that, had John C. Breckinridge's father, Cabell, lived, he would have steered his son to the Whig Party and the Union, rather than the Democratic Party and the Confederacy, but the Kentucky Secretary of State and former Speaker of the Kentucky House of Representatives died of a fever on September 1, 1823, months before his son's third birthday. Breckinridge and Bragg experienced a falling-out in the wake of the battle and remained on poor terms for the rest of their tenure together. Breckinridge ultimately finished third in the popular vote behind Abraham Lincoln and Stephen A. Douglas. Start your free trial today. Breckinridge remained in office even after the beginning of the Civil War, and encouraged his home state to secede as the conflict escalated. He represented Kentucky in both houses of Congress and became the 14th and youngest-ever Vice President of the United States, serving from 1857 to 1861. When Cutting refused, Breckinridge interpreted this as a challenge to a duel. Breckinridge next reinforced the Army of Northern Virginia for the Battle of Cold Harbor, in which his men repulsed a heavy assault by Union troops. Going to the White House, he served as a broker between Douglas and President Franklin Pierce, persuading the president to support the bill. He sided with Buchanan on the Lecompton Constitution but endorsed Douglas for reelection to the Senate. Although he wanted the Union restored, he preferred a peaceful separation rather than "endless, aimless, devastating war, at the end of which I see the grave of public liberty and of personal freedom." As James Buchanan’s vice president, John C. Breckinridge had a front row seat to witness the nation’s growing political division over the expansion of slavery. He could no longer find any neutral ground to stand upon, no way to endorse both the Union and the southern way of life. In Canada he met other Confederate exiles, including the freed Jefferson Davis. He was from Kentucky.He served in the House from 1851 to 1855. John C. Breckinridge was James Buchanan's Vice President from 1857 to 1861. In 1986, he began his long tenure as the U.S. ...read more, George C. Marshall (1880-1959) was one of the most decorated military leaders in American history. He was engaged at the Battle of Stones River in January 1863, and his unit suffered heavy casualties after Bragg ordered him to undertake a reckless charge on the Union lines. In November 1864 he undertook an expedition into Tennessee and won a victory at the Battle of Bull’s Gap. Two other political parties competed in this election as well. Baker demanded. 14th Vice President Political Party Democratic Term March 4, 1857 - March 4, 1861 (36-40) President James Buchanan Predecessor William R.D. Despite this loss, he was appointed to the U.S. Senate by the Kentucky legislature in March 1861. He joined the Confederacy at the start of the Civil War and served as a brigade commander at the Battle of Shiloh. All Rights Reserved. As they rode from their defeat on the battlefield, Jubal T. Early turned to ask, "General Breckinridge, what do you think of the `rights of the South in the territories' now?" But in December, South Carolina, Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida left the Union. Republicans rallied around John C. Frémont, a U.S. senator from California, with William L. Dayton, a former U.S. senator from New Jersey as his running mate. Denouncing the antislavery policies of the Republicans and Know-Nothings, Breckinridge described himself not as proslavery but as a defender of the people's constitutional right to make their own territorial laws, a position that caused some Deep South extremists to accuse him of harboring abolitionist views. He served as Vice-President from 1857 to 1861, under President James Buchanan. Walking two-by-two behind him were the political and military leaders of what would soon become the Union and the Confederacy. Being present at the convention, Breckinridge was prevailed upon to make a short acceptance speech, thanking the delegates for the nomination, endorsing Buchanan and the platform, and reaffirming his position as a "state's rights man." Land speculation in the West helped him accumulate a considerable amount of money during his absence from politics. Despite his efforts, pro-Union forces won the state legislative elections. Breckinridge counseled against secession. Buchanan secured the Democratic Party nomination and was elected president in 1856. He was a member of the Democratic party. © 2021 A&E Television Networks, LLC. Created / Published Public outrage throughout the North caused the Whig party to collapse and new antislavery parties, the Republican and the American (Know-Nothing) parties, to rise in its wake. Senator from Kentucky and the Vice President of the United States. They held their own convention in Baltimore and nominated Breckinridge as their presidential candidate. John C. Breckinridge and a Party Divided. Most of the Breckinridge’s adhered to the new party, but at about this time young John C. Breckinridge began to find Democratic ideas more persuasive. Across the river they could see the red stripes of the American flag, which Breckinridge viewed nostalgically but the more embittered Davis described as "the gridiron we have been fried on. Did you know? At a dinner just before the nomination, Breckinridge talked of not accepting it, but Jefferson Davis persuaded him to run. Capital at the Kentucky House of Representatives look right, click here to contact us he private! Ran poorly on the House of Representatives in 1851 and served until 1855 later, he told Mrs. Davis... War and served in the blue coat of a Union army colonel Kentucky.He served in the U.S. from. 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