Only a minority of the people who were interviewed or took part in focus groups appeared to be ‘experiencing great difficulties with their wellbeing’, including some who reported ‘symptoms of mental health problems’ such as fear, anxiety and hypervigilance. Those trained and equipped to handle such emergencies were assisted in the immediate aftermath of the quake not only by volunteers of all descriptions but also by the fortuitous presence of a large number of New Zealand Defence Force (NZDF) personnel who were in the city to conduct a training exercise. However international experience from events such as the Boxing Day Tsunami and the Victoria bush fires has shown it can be months before all identities are confirmed. At this time, the bulk of the debris had been removed. However, as the time approached, we were all instructed to walk down to the CTV site one block away. For example, the Christchurch earthquake in 2011 resulted in closure of the Central Business District (CBD) for an extended period of time. As I sat on the sofa, my sensitive ears detected those deepest of bass notes that announce another aftershock, but within less than a second the vibrations had undergone a massive crescendo, and the house began roaring around me. The most serious injuries were caused by falling masonry or as a result of the collapse of buildings. The earthquake struck the Canterbury region in New Zealand's South Island and was centred 6.7 kilometres (4.2 mi) south-east of the centre of Christchurch, New Zealand's second-most populous city. Their loss was felt not only by their family and friends, but by many others in the region who knew them or their family. Others were injured during aftershocks or while cleaning up their properties. Unfortunately for those waiting at the scene and elsewhere, no more survivors were found after the first 24 hours. Water pipes, roads, bridges, power lines, cell phone towers and ordinary phone lines were broken or damaged. Limbs had to be amputated and some people suffered partial or full paralysis. WELLINGTON — The earthquake that shattered the New Zealand city of Christchurch last month will cost the country as much as 15 billion New Zealand dollars … Meet the NZHistory.net.nz team, Dust clouds above central Christchurch, 22 February 2011. A powerful 6.3-magnitude earthquake has struck the city of Christchurch on New Zealand's South Island, killing at least 65 people. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. Liquefaction – ‘a liquid mush’ of soft sand and silt which had wrecked building foundations, ruptured water and sewer pipes and shattered roads, footpaths and driveways in September – struck the city again. Another significant aftershock struck Christchurch on 14 February 2016 causing a section of a cliff at Godley Head to collapse and liquefaction in some areas. http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/105/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/247/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/159/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/98/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/187/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/394/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/488/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/446/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/53/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/301/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/100/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/126/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/185/story/, http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/255/story/, http://www.police.govt.nz/news/release/27378, https://ccdu.govt.nz/projects-and-precincts/canterbury-earthquake-memorial, http://www.healthychristchurch.org.nz/media/100697/allrightresearchsummary.pdf, The 2010 Canterbury (Darfield) earthquake, The shaky isles: Canterbury & other quakes, Wellington and Christchurch's earthquake risk, Canterbury earthquakes and recovery information, http://www.civildefence.govt.nz/assets/Uploads/publications/Review-CDEM-Response-22-February-Christchurch-Earthquake.pdf. ‘Turtle Safe’ is an earthquake safety resource aimed at preschool children which encourages them to act like a turtle during an earthquake – drop to the ground, cover your head and hold on to something if you can. What were the short-term effects of the 2011 Japan earthquake? The severe shaking, liquefaction and landslides left some 16,000 properties ‘severely damaged’, More than 90% of properties in Greater Christchurch suffered some damage in either September or February. 5 Ecological Effects of the Christchurch February Earthquake on our City Estuary Summary and Management Recommendations – August 2011 Quarterly monitoring of bacteria (E. coli) and virus (norovirus) levels in cockles at five sites around the Avon-Heathcote Estuary/Ihutai has been ongoing for the last three years. Three times as many people were injured in the February 2011 earthquake as in September 2010.  ‘Christchurch quake: search squads focus on rewards, not risks’, New Zealand Herald, 24 February 2011. Perhaps you have a related experience you would like to share? This had towered 11 m above the sea but was now a small pile of rubble. But by this time 59% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘generally happy with their life right now’ and 67% ‘strongly agreed’ that they were ‘coping well with day to day things’. Christchurch airport was … In our language we think language has some sort of spiritual power so I yelled my daughter’s name so it might reach my daughter who was 9000 km away. Death and injury – Some 15,894 people died, and 6,152 people were injured. The portaloo was needed, along with a chemical toilet, for four long months. There is a case study sheet students can then complete which summarises this information. All earthquakes have devastating impacts, some of the effects last longer than others, and other effects may only last minutes. (I guess he grabbed this from his office, and then forgot about it.) The February earthquake and its aftershocks, like the September earthquake and aftershocks that preceded it, affected Cantabrians’ well-being in ‘complex and diverse ways’. In total, the 'rehabilitation' costs $15.1 billion dollars worth of damage, Many businesses needed to fire employees due to the heavy re-building fee. That the house stood up to it at all was pretty incredible. Canterbury has also been affected by adverse weather … One hundred and fifteen died in the CTV building, 18 in the PGC building, 36 in the central city (including eight on buses), and 12 in the suburbs. We ask for your patience and understanding while our large team continues to work through this difficult and complex job. The military helped police establish and maintain a cordon around the CBD and, in the following days, moved out to suburban areas to reassure the public. 6, pp. Dislodged boulders, collapsing cliffs, landslides and failing fill and retaining walls damaged properties and infrastructure on and below the Port Hills. A group of family had been allowed in for the service and were standing on the corner applauding the rescuers as they walked by. Johnston and K.P. Naval personnel who were in Lyttelton at the time of the quake helped the community in a number of ways, dishing up 1000 meals and providing emergency accommodation on HMNZS Canterbury. I had been expecting to go to that festival and to be coming to that place so many months later and having such a vivid reminder of the way life just stopped so suddenly on that day was quite startling. It was lucky it was fine…, Over the weekend, a neighbour very generously gave us the loan of his generator, and the building was checked by an engineer and, once the glass roof was removed from above the main door, it was given the all clear…, The first days were difficult. After the February 2011 earthquake, Auckland Council and the Ministry of Civil Defence and Emergency Management jointly reissued the resource as a DVD. Many thousands of people suffered minor injuries similar to those sustained in the September quake. A key reason for this is that a double blow often occurs. Among these was Shag Rock/Rapanui (the great stern post) at the entrance to the Heathcote and Avon estuary/Te Ihutai at Sumner. 1865, British troops invade south Taranaki, Home Rossiter, ‘An overview of the impacts of the 2010-2011 Canterbury earthquakes’, International Journal of Disaster Risk Reduction, 2015, Pete Seager and Deb Donnell, Responders: the New Zealand volunteer response teams, Christchurch earthquake deployments, Keswin Publishing, Christchurch, 2013, Janet K. Spittlehouse, Peter R. Joyce, Esther Vierck, Philip J. Schluter and John F. Pearson, ‘Ongoing adverse mental health impact of the earthquake sequence in Christchurch, New Zealand’, Australian & New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, vol. 756-63, Stories of resilience and innovation in schools and early childhood services: Canterbury earthquakes 2010–2012 (June 2013)*: 19/06/2013, Education Review Office, 2013, Alastair Suren, The Brigade: earthquake 2011: a tribute to the Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton Volunteer Fire Brigade, Lyttelton, 2012, Hugh Trengrove, ‘Operation earthquake 2011: Christchurch earthquake disaster victim identification’, The Journal of Forensic Odonto-stomatology, 12/2011, vol. . Car alarms were going off and that was all you could hear. Language schools and other groups catering for international students were hit particularly hard, with international enrolments dropping by 57% between 2010 and 2012. It wasn’t like riding big waves, or being blown around in a high wind. We had stopped at the bakery in Tower Junction to get some lunch, that was around 12.40 p.m. Once we got outside to sit down to eat it was about 12.50 p.m. Once 12.51 p.m. struck the whole world just started shaking and screams came from every building there. I remember holding someone’s hand and asking someone else to hold this person’s hand – and the next thing I recall is standing on the rubble of the CTV site – one of about 8 or 9 people who were helping to lead people down with various injuries from what appeared to be a hole at the top of the rubble…. I grabbed my handbag, mobile phone and keys (running quickly inside to get these, then straight out again) and we [my mother-in-law and I] started walking to school (I could already see that driving would be a stupid idea, as there were cars everywhere). Among many notable moments during the service, compelling footage of damage in the CBD was screened, the crowd spontaneously applauded the USAR teams, and Prince William conveyed words of wisdom from his grandmother, the Queen: ‘grief is the price we pay for love’.. 2, pp. 106–8. More than 80% of those involved in the research said that their lives had changed ‘significantly’ since the earthquake, and more than two-thirds were ‘grieving for lost Christchurch’. I just didn’t like the feeling of the aftershocks. Some contributors to QuakeStories initially thought this was yet another one: At first I thought that it was just another aftershock, but when the power went out and the room felt like someone had picked it up and was bouncing it around, I realized that I needed to get under my desk, which was unfortunately a very thick wooden one. The September quake had occurred in the early hours of the morning with family generally close at hand. The region also lost a number of its distinctive natural features and landmarks. A number of groups assisted with this grim and difficult task at these buildings and elsewhere. It was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake and the focus was very shallow at 4.99 kilometres deep. The city also faced a new problem. We can't make it better for the families but we can certainly make it worse for them if we get it wrong. Health workers in the city faced ‘substantial difficulties’ in caring for the injured. 5-37), PGC (vol. Damage to buried pipes allowed sewage to contaminate the water supply so people had to boil their tap water. The memorial has a dual purpose: ‘paying respect to the 185 people who lost their lives’ and acknowledging ‘the shared trauma and huge support received with the recovery operation that followed’. A burst water pipe had cracked through the surface of the basketball courts and water was seeping everywhere. The site was quite shocking to those like us, who had not seen it up close before. Earthquake-damaged homes stand at the edge of a cliff. In February 2011, 81 international students and staff from King’s Education were killed in the CTV building. Schools had been holding regular earthquake drills since the September quake. 185 people were killed in the February earth quake and thousands more were hurt. The February quake was powerful enough that while classified as an aftershock of the September quake, it generated its own aftershocks, including a magnitude 5.8 at 1.04 p.m. and a magnitude 5.9 at 2.50 p.m. 2, pp. The emergency lighting had failed in the stairwell, so we could barely see the steps in front of us. 3, September 2012, Melissa Parsons, Rubble to resurrection: churches respond in the Canterbury quakes, DayStar Books, Auckland, 2014, S.H. Next of kin based overseas had to rely on second-hand information. Results: Short-term increases in the use of anxiolytics and sedatives/hypnotics were observed after the most devastating February 2011 earthquake, but this effect was not sustained. In a blog written two days after the quake, Jennifer reflected on the likelihood she would know someone who had died: I’ve heard (either directly or indirectly) from all my close friends and most of my workmates now, so know they’re ok, but I also know the chances are, in a city of only half a million, that all of us will end up knowing someone who is a victim. I did not need psychological help. I helped oversee and guide a number of concurrent resuscitations. The earthquake … A seriously injured patient would arrive every 5 to 10 minutes. At 12.51 p.m. on 22 February 2011, the Canterbury region was struck by a magnitude 6.3 earthquake. The bus stopped at three points along the way (the sites of the PGC building, the CTV building and the cathedral) but at the other two I felt like it wasn’t right to take pictures. . People from more than 20 countries died in the earthquake. I thought that that aftershock had been a particularly powerful one.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/301/story/, We’d had a couple of small seismic rumbles that day; very tiny aftershocks from last September’s Darfield earthquake, or so I thought. While most people sought out friends and family after they had helped those around them, some stayed where they were for many hours providing assistance. An … Each organisation was flooded with 111 calls for help from the CBD and suburbs on top of business as usual – and staff also needed to look to their own families. As had happened after the 4 September 2010quake, there was a lot of liquefaction. We have 1 event in history, 2 biographies, 8 articles, related to February 2011 Christchurch earthquake. His daughter was among them: I drove home and I was shouting my daughter’s name. We did not realise at the time how badly the stairwells had failed, but it was obvious that we could not get down.http://www.quakestories.govt.nz/183/story/. Can you tell us more about the information on this page? The region’s port and airport had remained operational, and its manufacturing hub had not sustained significant damage, minimising the disruption to ‘industrial production and goods exports and activity’. The 22 February 2011 earthquake caused 185 fatalities, injured 3,129 people, and 1,293 were injured in the aftermath. The New Zealand Police provided bereaved families with a dedicated liaison officer able to answer questions and give support. Apart from physical injuries, international literature suggests that psychosocial recovery after a disaster can take five to ten years. The aftershocks were particularly dangerous for people who were trapped under debris or in buildings, and for those who were trying to rescue them. Landscapes, such as forests rivers or cliffs, will get damaged, injuring or killing the wildlife. Culture and Society 131. Perhaps they felt as Urban Search and Rescue (USAR) squad leader Mike Carter did. (A complete list of the deceased can be found on the New Zealand Police website.). 2,000 injured. The earthquake caused widespread damage across Christchurch, killing 185 people in the nation's fifth-deadliest disaster. Some families voiced criticism of the time it took to name victims. It was the middle of a working day and many people were at school or work, having lunch or running errands. 181 people were killed. In exceptional cases it has taken years to identify all the victims of mass casualty events. All non-text content is subject to specific conditions. Most of those who died were Christchurch or Canterbury residents with ties to the local community. A further series hit the region on 23 December 2011. The focus is to make accurate identifications. Professor Hattie was the adviser for the New Zealand Qualifications Authority that oversaw school examinations after the devastating Christchurch earthquakes of 2011. It was the sharpest, most violent kind of shaking; as though the house sat on some giant mechanism of limitless force that was snapping it back and forth, up and down, however it liked. If we make a mistake we create uncertainty and doubt for everyone. Frances describes her journey and what she found when she arrived: I knew that the kids were no doubt safe at school (they do a lot of earthquake drills) but [felt] that we should go and get them anyway. This included all search teams present, and support staff, including the caterers. The sight of them, faded, ripped and broken in some places really got to me. Not all comments posted. So, I thought it would be worthwhile going through the economic ramifications of the earthquake from the immediate effects to long term. Under further legislation introduced after the February 2011 earthquake, the Canterbury ... felt the effects of this approach. On Tuesday 22nd of February 2011 there was a 6.3 magnitude earthquake at 12:51 pm. The atmosphere was sombre and subdued. At the time it was still recovering from the effects of a 7.1-magnitude earthquake on 4 September 2010. The stairwell had collapsed immediately below the landing at the 14th floor. 33-47). We walked down the road, to see the site slowly revealed. The report of the Canterbury Earthquakes Royal Commission contains biographies of those who died as a result of the earthquake in the CTV (vol. A large aftershock on 13 June 2011 caused considerable damage, especially to infrastructure. Authority that oversaw school examinations after the quake, and the focus was very at! 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